Different substances applied to the skin, can cause children to side effects and dangerous. This applies to medicines as well as for cosmetics.
The skin of children is distinctly different from the adult skin. It is thinner and its surface is related to body weight is much greater. In addition, the child is the barrier skin is still immature and the number of sebaceous glands per area is higher. As a result, various substances can be absorbed easily through the skin and into the blood.
Therefore, children should, for example, no locally applied antibiotics with the active ingredients Neomycin, Gentamicin and silver sulfadiazine. You can cause side effects and contact allergies can cause, in addition, many bacteria against, they become resistant. Local anesthetic with benzocaine, lidocaine or prilocaine can cause children to an increased concentration of methemoglobin in the blood. Alcoholic solutions are damaging in babies even then, the brain or the liver, when applied to the skin. Also, the large-scale application of insect repellent preparations with the active ingredient DEET is unsuitable for children, since they lead to nerve damage.
To consider is also critical of fragrances, as these irritation and may cause allergic reactions. "Recipe medicines from the pharmacy don’t often smell so good, because you are no fragrances added. This is a clear plus point – only the nose of many adult experiences as Nachteil", Prof. Dr. med says. Peter Höger. He is the head physician of the departments of paediatrics and paediatric dermatology, Catholic children’s hospital William pen in Hamburg and a member of the Commission of the New formulation Formulariums (NRF).
Also some cosmetics Höger warns: "Infants already receive an average of eight different skin care products, with an average of 48 different ingredients. Less would be better." The expert points out that the term ‚hypoallergen‘ not legally protected and, in the first line of marketing purposes. Höger also warns of some sun protection products with UV-filter substances Octocrylene or Ethylhexyl Methoxy-Cinnamate (EHMC). This can be included in children through the skin into the blood, and in children an estrogenic effect. At least until the school-age children to be Creamed at the best with physical sunscreens with micro-pigments such as zinc oxide or titanium dioxide.
What creams are suitable for children and which are not, it is possible to parents in the local pharmacy for advice. The nationwide "The day of the Apotheke" on 7. June 2019, this year under the Motto "Proper medication for Kinder".
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